Nestled in the eastern spur of Maikal range of Satpura mountains, this lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and numerous ravines all make Kanha a prime tiger habitat. Banjar and the Halon valley forms the western and eastern halves of the Kanha Tiger Reserve providing a steady water source for the abundant wildlife.

The park was created in 1955 by a special law and, since then, it has dedicated itself in preserving a variety of animal species. Today, Kanha is among the few most scenic and beautiful wildlife reserves in Asia. This 'Tiger Country' is the ideal home for both predator and prey. Spread in an area of 1945 km² (750 square miles), Kanha is one of India’s largest national parks and is renowned not only for its high tiger concentration, but as the last remaining habitat of the hard ground barasingha, or swamp deer, which was brought back from the brink of extinction.

The reserve is an excellent interspersion of the dadars (flat hilltops), grassy expanses, dense forests and riverine forests. It is very rich in flora, largely due to the combination of land-forms and soil types, apart from the moist character of the region. The rich habitat diversity of the Reserve supports abundant animal communities and the lesser life forms. The Reserve is the sanctum sanctorum of many typical Central Indian fauna.

The major mammals that can been found here are: tiger, leopard, wild dog, sloth bear, gaur or Indian bison, chital or spotted deer, sambhar deer, barasingha or swamp deer , muntjac, mouse deer, nilgai or blue bull, jackal, hyena, chausinga or four-horned antelope, wild boar and hanuman langur along with several species of bats.

The beautiful and diverse landscape of Kanha is also ideal for birdwatching, with over 200 bird species recorded.